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Intro: Welcome to Istanbul
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TURKEY   >  HISTORY   >> The Republic Period
Türkçe  
THE REPUBLIC PERIOD
The Republic Period Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Reforms

REFORMS

1924 Abolition of the Caliphate
1925 Abolition of the fez; suppression of religious brotherhoods; closing of sacred tombs as places of worship
1926 Adoption of new Civil Law code
1928 Introduction of Latin alphabet
1934 Kemal takes name of Ataturk when a new law required Turks to adopt surnames; women made eligible to vote in elections and to become members of Parliament

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's reforms can be summarized as follows:

  • Abolition of the Sultanate and Caliphate; establishment of the Republic.
  • Implementation of secularism nationwide.
  • Abolition of the religious courts.
  • Suppression of religious brotherhoods; closing of sacred tombs as places of worship.
  • Replacement of traditional clothing by Western styles; abolition of the fez.
  • Abolition of Medreses, unification of education, renovations of school programs according to contemporary and national needs, opening of new universities.
  • Adoption of new Civil Law code.
  • Adoption of the solar calendar and changing of the Moslem holy day of the week, Friday, into a weekday with Sunday becoming the official day of rest.
  • Introduction of Latin alphabet.
  • Purification of Turkish language from foreign words.
  • Implementation of "Peace at home, Peace in the world" as Turkish foreign policy.



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