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Intro: Welcome to Istanbul
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TURKEY   >  HISTORY   >> The Republic Period
Türkçe  
THE REPUBLIC PERIOD
The Republic Period Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Reforms

THE REPUBLIC PERIOD
Modern Turkish Period (1923-Present)

1923 Establishment of the Turkish Republic with Ataturk as its first president
1924 Abolition of Caliphate
1925-1938 Ataturk's program of reforms to modernize Turkey
1938 Death of Ataturk; Ismet Inonu becomes the Republic's second president
1939-1945 Despite the alliance with Britain and France, Turkey remains neutral during World War II
1946 Turkey becomes a charter member of United Nations
1950 Turkey enters Korean War as a part of United Nations force; change from a single-party to a multi-party system
1952 Joins the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

The attempt of the victorious Allies to control the Anatolian territory led to the Turkish War of Independence (1918-23).

Following the occupation of Istanbul in 1920 by the British, Italian and French, a Greek army advanced from Izmir deep into Anatolia.

While the sultan offered no resistance, under the leadership of Kemal Ataturk, the Turkish Nationalists overturned the postwar settlement embodied in the Treaty of Sévres (1920) and established the Republic of Turkey, formally recognized by the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923.

Mustafa Kemal retired his military uniform and inspired the people to an even greater task: Transformation of the country into the democratic, secular Republic of Turkey.


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