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Intro: Welcome to Istanbul
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TURKEY   >  HISTORY   >> Historic Period
Türkçe  
HISTORIC PERIOD
Alexander the Great Roman Age Byzantine Period
Hellenistic Age Christianity

THE HELLENISTIC AGE
Hellenistic Period (300-133 BC)

The period between Alexander’s death and the Roman conquest of Anatolia is called the Hellenistic age. The mixture of Greek and Anatolian cultures resulted in a new civilization, the Hellenistic.

After Alexander's death three major monarchies emerged out of the wars of the Diadochi; Macedonia under the rule of Antigonus, Egypt under that of Ptolemy and Anatolia under that of Seleucus.

Then followed the rise of a number of independent states in Anatolia among them Bithynia, Cappadocia, Pergamum and Pontus all of which were eventually absorbed by the Roman Empire in the 1CBC.

The Kingdom of Pergamum, under the rule of Attalids, became the most prominent and continued until Attalus III bequeathed his kingdom and treasury to Rome on his death in 133 AD.




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