Info    
Contact    
Site Map    
FAQ    

Home

Turkey

Sites

Tours

Hotels

Blue Cruise

F1 Turkey

Turkey Fairs

Services

ABOUT TURKEY
BRIEF   
Useful Info ::
Climate ::
Cusine ::
Traditional Art ::
Carpet ::
Culturel Art ::
Introduction Film of Turkey ::
HISTORY   
Prehistoric Period ::
Historic Period ::
Turkish Period ::
The Republic Period ::
MUST SEE   
Istanbul ::
Quick Search:

in tours 
in hotels


Subscribe to our newsletter
insert delete

News from Gurtour




Intro: Welcome to Istanbul
tursab gurtour qr code gurtour since
TURKEY   >  HISTORY   >> Prehistoric Period
Türkçe  
PREHISTORIC PERIOD
Paleolithic Age Chalcolithic Age Iron Age
Neolithic Age Bronze Age
Dark Age

THE DARK AGE
Anatolia's Dark Age (700-490 BC)

After 2,000 years of great civilizations, the eastern world fell into the dark ages in the 8CBC. This was the time that civilizations passed to the western world. At this turning point of world history, the civilized eastern world was represented by the Egyptians, Hittites, Phoenicians, Babylonians, Assyrians and Urartians. The Urartians were the last civilization of this age.

LYDIANS

In ancient times Lydia was the name of a fertile and geologically wealthy region of western Anatolia. It extended from Caria in the south to Mysia in the north and was bound by Phrygia in the east and by the Aegean in the west. Lydia first achieved prominence under the rule of the Mermnad in 680 BC. They underwent some Cimmerian attacks on several occasions. During the reign of Croesus, powerful King of Lydia (560-546 BC), the borders of the state in the east reached as far as Halys (Kizilirmak River). In 546, Croesus was defeated by the Persian King Cyrus and Lydia was dominated by the Persians until Alexander the Great. The country passed to the Romans in 133 AD.

The most important city in Lydia was Sardis (Sart), N of Mount Tmolos (Bozdag), where the Pactolos River (Sartcay) passed through to reach the Hermos River (Gediz). The rich gold deposits of the Pactolos Valley were very important for Lydia's economy. This wealth was obtained from the alluviums of the mythological Pactolos River.

Lydians claimed to have invented games like knucklebones and dice which they passed on to their Greek neighbors and through them to the rest of the world.

In 640 BC, the first time in history, coins made of electrum (a natural mixture of gold and silver) were used in exchange for goods and facilitated regularization of commercial transactions by the Lydians. This was Lydia's most significant contribution to human history.

CARIANS

The Carians, from the hinterland of Miletus and Halicarnassus, enter history as mercenaries in the service of the Egyptian king along with their Ionian neighbors in the 7CBC.

In the 5CBC, Caria was ruled by tyrants and princes, some of whom chose the Persian side at the time of the Ionian insurrection. At the end of the 5CBC Caria belonged to the Delian League. It seems to have been constituted as a separate Persian Satrapy. The Carian Satrap Mausolus took part in the great insurrection of the western satraps but later changed sides and conquered Phaselis and western Lycia for the Persian King. Mausolus made Halicarnassus the metropolis of Caria. The architecture of the city included the Satrap's tomb and the Mausoleum (another of the Seven Wonders of the World). The Mausoleum was planned by Mausolus himself but was actually built by his wife and successor, Artemisia.




Home · Turkey · Sites · Hotels · Tours · Blue Cruise · Turkey Fairs · Incentives · Services · About Us · Contact · Site Map · FAQ · Links
G u r t o u r    2 0 1 2   ©
   Last update 2.December.2012 Thursday